Arthroscopic surgery is commonly referred to as a minimally invasive procedure. Advantages compared to alternative conventional open methods are that the discomfort is much less with fewer major complications, and it allows for more effective postoperative rehabilitation. The success of any surgical procedure is very much dependent on the rehabilitation process following surgery, and this provides one of the biggest advantages of the arthroscopic surgery approach. However, any surgery is serious business, and while arthroscopic techniques are indeed much less invasive than traditional open operations, we are cautious to use the term minimally invasive.
It is only over the last two decades that arthroscopic surgery of the hip has become established. There are reasons that the hip lagged behind the knee and shoulder. First, the anatomy of the hip makes arthroscopy more technically challenging. The constrained architecture of the ball-and-socket joint limits maneuverability of instrumentation; the thick capsule requires more force to open the space for instrumentation; and the hip is also the most deeply situated joint in the body, encased within deep muscle layers.